In order to control for this inconsistency, printed crochet instructions include a standard for the number of stitches across a standard swatch of fabric. An individual crocheter begins work by producing a test swatch and compensating for any discrepancy by changing to a smaller or larger hook. North Americans call this gauge , referring to the end result of these adjustments; British crocheters speak of tension , which refers to the crafter's grip on the yarn while producing stitches. One of the more obvious differences is that crochet uses one hook while much knitting uses two needles.
In most crochet, the artisan usually has only one live stitch on the hook with the exception being Tunisian crochet , while a knitter keeps an entire row of stitches active simultaneously. Dropped stitches, which can unravel a knitted fabric, rarely interfere with crochet work, due to a second structural difference between knitting and crochet. In knitting, each stitch is supported by the corresponding stitch in the row above and it supports the corresponding stitch in the row below, whereas crochet stitches are only supported by and support the stitches on either side of it.
If a stitch in a finished crocheted item breaks, the stitches above and below remain intact, and because of the complex looping of each stitch, the stitches on either side are unlikely to come loose unless heavily stressed. Round or cylindrical patterns are simple to produce with a regular crochet hook, but cylindrical knitting requires either a set of circular needles or three to five special double-ended needles. Many crocheted items are composed of individual motifs which are then joined together, either by sewing or crocheting, whereas knitting is usually composed of one fabric, such as entrelac.
Freeform crochet is a technique that can create interesting shapes in three dimensions because new stitches can be made independently of previous stitches almost anywhere in the crocheted piece. It is generally accomplished by building shapes or structural elements onto existing crocheted fabric at any place the crafter desires.
Knitting can be accomplished by machine, while many crochet stitches can only be crafted by hand. The height of knitted and crocheted stitches is also different: a single crochet stitch is twice the height of a knit stitch in the same yarn size and comparable diameter tools, and a double crochet stitch is about four times the height of a knit stitch. While most crochet is made with a hook, there is also a method of crocheting with a knitting loom. This is called loomchet.
Each stitch in slip stitch crochet is formed the same way as a knit or purl stitch which is then bound off. A person working in slip stitch crochet can follow a knitted pattern with knits, purls, and cables, and get a similar result. It is a common perception that crochet produces a thicker fabric than knitting, tends to have less "give" than knitted fabric, and uses approximately a third more yarn for a comparable project than knitted items. Tunisian crochet and slip stitch crochet can in some cases use less yarn than knitting for comparable pieces.
Any stitch using yarnovers uses less yarn than single crochet to produce the same amount of fabric. Cluster stitches, which are in fact multiple stitches worked together, will use the most length. Standard crochet stitches like sc and dc also produce a thicker fabric, more like knit garter stitch. This is part of why they use more yarn. Slip stitch can produce a fabric much like stockinette that is thinner and therefore uses less yarn.
Any yarn can be either knitted or crocheted, provided needles or hooks of the correct size are used, but the cord's properties should be taken into account. For example, lofty, thick woolen yarns tend to function better when knitted, which does not crush their airy structure, while thin and tightly spun yarn helps to achieve the firm texture required for Amigurumi crochet. Most crochet uses one hook and works upon one stitch at a time. Crochet may be worked in circular rounds without any specialized tools, as shown here.
It has been very common for people and groups to crochet clothing and other garments and then donate them to soldiers during war. People have also crocheted clothing and then donated it to hospitals, for sick patients and also for newborn babies. Sometimes groups will crochet for a specific charity purpose, such as crocheting for homeless shelters , nursing homes , etc. It is becoming increasingly popular to crochet hats commonly referred to as "chemo caps" and donate them to cancer treatment centers, for those undergoing chemotherapy and therefore losing hair.
During October pink hats and scarves are made and proceeds are donated to breast cancer funds. Organizations dedicated to using crochet as a way to help others include Knots of Love , Crochet for Cancer,  and Soldiers' Angels. Crocheting and other forms of Needlecraft or Handicraft are proven to have several health benefits including reducing stress and anxiety.
Baby & Toddler Hat Crochet Patterns
Some elementary school teachers have used crocheting to enhance their students' literacy skills. Learning to crochet in a literary setting encourages young children to stay focused, multitask better, and be more excited about school.
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This fun yet challenging skill can in the process teach students to have better social skills in their community, with their peers, and with their families. Crochet has been used to illustrate shapes in hyperbolic space that are difficult to reproduce using other media or are difficult to understand when viewed two-dimensionally. Mathematician Daina Taimina first used crochet in to create strong, durable models of hyperbolic space after finding paper models were delicate and hard to create.
These models enable one to turn, fold, and otherwise manipulate space to more fully grasp ideas such as how a line can appear curved in hyperbolic space yet actually be straight. Her work received an exhibition by the Institute For Figuring. Examples in nature of organisms that show hyperbolic structures include lettuces, sea slugs, flatworms and coral. Margaret Wertheim and Christine Wertheim of the Institute For Figuring created a travelling art installation of coral reef using Taimina's method. Local artists are encouraged to create their own "satellite reefs" to be included alongside the original display.
As hyperbolic and mathematics-based crochet has continued to become more popular, there have been several events highlighting work from various fiber artists. In Style in the technical arts , Gottfried Semper looks at the textile with great promise and historical precedent. In Section 53, he writes of the "loop stitch, or Noeud Coulant: a knot that, if untied, causes the whole system to unravel.
There are a small number of architects currently interested in the subject of crochet as it relates to architecture. The following publications, explorations and thesis projects can be used as a resource to see how crochet is being used within the capacity of architecture.
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In the past few years, a practice called yarn bombing , or the use of knitted or crocheted cloth to modify and beautify one's usually outdoor surroundings, emerged in the US and spread worldwide. Residents awoke to find knit cozies hugging tree branches and sign poles.
She is part of a group of yarn graffiti-artists called the Souter Stormers, who beautify their local town in Scotland. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For a part of the anatomy of certain insect larvae, see Crochet insect anatomy. Not to be confused with Crotchet , the common name for a quarter note in music. Play media. Main article: Crochet hook. Main article: Yarn. Main article: List of crochet stitches. Differences between crochet and knitting. Knitting uses two or more straight needles that carry multiple stitches.
Unlike crochet, knitting requires specialized needles to create circular rounds. Main article: Yarn bombing. Retrieved The Free Dictionary By Farlex.
Berkeley Daily Planet, April 19, Acrylic Fiber Technology and Applications. New York: Marcel Dekker, Inc. Craft Yarn Council. Retrieved 16 October Crochet for Cancer.
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Retrieved 9 February Soldiers' Angels. Anxiety Resource Center. Literacy Learning through Crocheting". The Institute for Figuring. December 21, Mile-a-minute designs all have an easy, repetitive pattern that you can finish fast. The tutorial and sample project in this book explain how it works, and the six afghans show some of the many styles that are possible.
What they all have in common is that they are crocheted in narrow panels, either in short rows or around a long beginning chain; then a border is added and the strips are joined. With the nine designs in One-Skein Baby Projects from Leisure Arts, you can show your love for little ones with sweet gifts to cover them from head to toe and keep them happy and smiling! Designs by Sharon H. The designs are crocheted using light or medium weight yarns. Pattern includes a blanket, hat and diaper cover. Model made using Berroco Comfort worsted-weight yarn.
The blanket measures 25"W x 31"L and requires 5 skeins; hat uses 1 skein and includes Baby Toddler ; diaper cover uses 1 skein and fits months months. Hearts are made as you go. Instructions include notes and tips on how to assemble each animal. Quick and easy, any one of these projects will make a perfect gift. These crochet fashions let you "get the look" seen when the stars ventured out on family days. Includes a cowl, newsboy hat, poncho, hooded scarf, leg warmers, fingerless mitts, slouchy beanie, hat with flower, and blanket.
Designs by Lisa Gentry. Crochet these adorable hats and diaper covers by Shelle Hendrix. The designer used mohair yarn to get the soft, fuzzy feel. Photo via Craftsy member Prop Shop.
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Surrounded by waves of colorful fringe, baby sits comfortably on the knit center of the blanket. Set this blanket down in basket or bowl and you have a unique 3-D backdrop. Photo via Craftsy member MadAboutColour. This soft textured pouch is very versatile. Strong enough to hold baby securely if hung close to a surface, it can also be wrapped as a cocoon or arranged laying down to give the appearance of being suspended.
The designer recommends using three different soft yarns to create texture, visual interest and support. Consider combining a thick-and-thin bulky yarn , a boucle and a strong medium weight yarn. Photo via Craftsy member BrianaKCrochet. Photo via Craftsy member natalya In a hurry for a versatile, adorable photo prop? This simple pattern only takes an hour to make with basic knitting stitches. Four sizes from newborn to 12 months.