In: J. Shapiro ed. Mobile Genetic Elements. Academic Press, N. Genetics , FEMS Microbiol.
Kaper, eds. Francisco J. He is a former Dominican Priest, ordained in , but left the priesthood that same year. John D. Barrow FRS is Professor of Mathematical Sciences at Cambridge University and Director of the Millennium Mathematics Project, a programme to improve the appreciation of mathematics and it applications, especially amongst young people and the general public. His research interests are in cosmology, mathematical physics and astronomy. He is interested in philosophical and historical aspects of these subjects and the connections between the structure of the Universe and the existence of life within it.
He was Gresham professor of Astronomy, and also of Geometry. Valentin A. In V. Kazan: Kazan Univ. Nicolas Alexandrovich Vasiliev — Science as a Self-Reflexive System. Kazan Univ. The Interrupted Flight. Essays on the Social History of Logic in Russia. British Social and Philosophical Ideas in Russia 19th —the turn of the 20th century. Simbirsk-Ulyanovsk, UlSU press, Petersburg: St. Petersburg Centre for History of Ideas, Artemieva and M. Conceptual Context of University Philosophy. Nicolai A. Vasiliev and his Imaginary Logic. The Resurrection of One Forgotten Idea.
Gregory J. Anjan Chakravartty. Professor of Philosophy. Reilly Center for Science, Technology, and Values. Research Interests Scientific realism an antirealism, empiricism, structuralism, the metaphysics of science, causation and dispositions, natural kinds, scientific modeling, scientific disagreement. He studied biophysics and philosophy at the University of Toronto before graduate work in philosophy and history of science at the University of Cambridge. He works in a number of areas of the philosophy of science, metaphysics, and epistemology.
Newton Carneiro Affonso da Costa born on 16 September in in Curitiba, Brazil is a Brazilian mathematician, logician, and philosopher.
Da Costa's international recognition came especially through his work on paraconsistent logic and its application to various fields such as philosophy, law, computing, and artificial intelligence. He is one of the founders of this non-classical logic. In addition, he constructed the theory of quasi-truth that constitutes a generalization of Alfred Tarski's theory of truth, and applied it to the foundations of science. The scope of his research also includes model theory, generalized Galois theory, axiomatic foundations of quantum theory and relativity, complexity theory, and abstract logics.
Da Costa has significantly contributed to the philosophy of logic, paraconsistent modal logics, ontology, and philosophy of science. He received many awards and held numerous visiting scholarships at universities and centers of research in all continents. They later exhibited similar results for systems in other areas, such as mathematical economics. Da Costa believes that the significant progress in the field of logic will give rise to new fundamental developments in computing and technology, especially in connection with non-classical logics and their applications.
His areas of interest are logic and its history and the history and philosophy of mathematics. He has also served in various consultative and editorial capacities and has been chief editor of the Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic since In he was awarded a senior chaire d'excellence by the ANR, France. In he proved the no-cloning theorem independently discovered in the same year by William Wootters and Wojciech H. In he proposed a new interpretation of quantum mechanics, later known as a version of the modal interpretation of quantum mechanics.
He also worked on the philosophy of space and time, the logic of probabilistic reasoning, and the theory of explanation. Dennis Dieks and Pieter E. Vermaas, eds. Craig Dilworth, Uppsala Universitet , Sweden. Born and raised in Canada, received his PhD in Sweden en While he is fundamentally a philosopher, Dilworth is at the same time a true generalist. He has been engaged in a wide variety of environmental projects on the local level, while at the same time developing his intellectual interests in the philosophy of science, human ecology, theoretical physics, theoretical biology, and the social sciences.
He is the author of two major works in the philosophy of science, Scientific Progress and the Metaphysics of Science, and an earlier book in environmental science, Sustainable Development and Decision Making. Curriculum Vitea and List of Publications:. Linhas de pesquisa. John Earman is a philosopher of physics. He is an emeritus professor in the History and Philosophy of Science department at the University of Pittsburgh. He remained at Pittsburgh for the rest of his career, recently retiring to become Professor Emeritus.
Charles Paul ENZ. Charles Paul Enz ist ein Schweizer theoretischer Physiker. Eine wissenschaftstheoretische Analyse der Ambivalenzen technischen Fortschritts". Zur Metaphysik der Natur bei Kant und Hegel. BI, Mannheim Die wissenschaftliche Revolution der Naturphilosophie im Klostermann, Frankfurt a.
Januar ]. Becher-Stiftung Speyer. Nomos, Baden-Baden A Critical Account of Subatomic Reality. Springer, Heidelberg Spektrum, Heidelberg Selected Papers in the Philosophy of Physics. Springer, New York Mentis, Paderborn Vincenzo FANO. Urbino University Carlo BO,. Jan FAYE. University of Copenhagen. Oxford Internet Institute , University of Oxford. Luciano Floridi est un philosophe et un universitaire italien contemporain. Leiden : Editions Brill, Oxford : Oxford University Press, Tamaz Thomas V.
Gamkrelidze was born in Kutaisi. His brother Revaz Gamkrelidze is also an Academician, a famous mathematician. The Akkado-Hittite syllabary and the problem of the origin of the Hittite script, "Archiv Orientalni" vol. Tokyo, Ivanov: "Indo-European language and Indoeuropeans" vols. PhD doctorat in Philosophy. Summa cum laude la plus grande distinction. Supervisor: Jacques Weyers. High school education. Since October Professeur ordinaire. September August Professore a contratto. April Invited series of lectures on scientific realism.
Associate Professor. Teaching Assistant. Teaching Fellow. Department of Philosophy. University of Pittsburgh. Fellow Belgian American Educational. Giancarlo Ghirardi is an Italian physicist and Emeritus professor of theoretical physics at the University of Trieste. He is well known for the Ghirardi—Rimini—Weber theory GRW , which he proposed in together with Alberto Rimini and Tullio Weber, and for his contributions to the foundations of quantum mechanics. His research interests relate to variety of topics of theoretical physics; focussing since mainly on the foundations of quantum mechanics.
Ghirardi is member of the editorial board of Foundations of Physics and formerly of Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Science. He is president of the Italian Society for the Foundations of Physics, of which he is one of the founding members. Ghirardi, G.
Quantum Probability and Applications, L. Accardi et al. Physical Review D Hans-Peter Grosshans born May 3, is a German theologian and philosopher of religion, with a special focus on questions and problems of hermeneutics, methodology and philosophy of science.
From to he was teaching at the Faculty of Protestant Theology at the University of Tuebingen. As well he was there debuty director of the Institute of Hermeneutics. Ian MacDougall Hacking born February 18, is a Canadian philosopher, specializing in the philosophy of science. Hacking also took his Ph. He became a lecturer at Cambridge in before shifting to Stanford in After teaching for several years at Stanford University, he spent a year at the Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Bielefeld, Germany, — He became Professor of Philosophy at the University of Toronto in and University Professor the highest honour the University of Toronto bestows on faculty in Works :.
Influenced by debates involving Thomas Kuhn, Imre Lakatos, Paul Feyerabend and others, Hacking is known for bringing a historical approach to the philosophy of science. The fourth edition of Feyerabend's book Against Method and the fiftieth anniversary edition of Kuhn's The Structure of Scientific Revolutions include an Introduction by Hacking. He himself still identifies as a Cambridge analytic philosopher. Hacking defended a realism about science, "entity realism", albeit only on pragmatic and particularly experimental grounds: the electron is real because human beings use it to make things happen.
This form of realism encourages a realistic stance towards the entities postulated by mature sciences but skepticism towards scientific theories. Hacking has also been influential in directing attention to the experimental and even engineering practices of science, and their relative autonomy from theory. In that way Hacking moved philosophical thinking a step further than the initial historical, but heavily theory-focused, turn of Kuhn et al. In his later work from onward , his focus has shifted somewhat from the natural sciences to the human sciences, partly under the influence of the work of Michel Foucault.
In the latter book, Hacking proposed that the modern schism between subjective or personalist probability, and the long-run frequency interpretation, emerged in the early modern era as an epistemological "break" involving two incompatible models of uncertainty and chance. As history the idea of a sharp break has been criticized, but competing 'frequentist' and 'subjective' interpretations of probability still remain today. Foucault's approach to knowledge systems and power is also reflected in Hacking's work on the historical mutability of psychiatric disorders and institutional roles for statistical reasoning in the 19th century.
He labels his approach to the human sciences "dynamic nominalism" or, alternately, "dialectical realism" , a historicised form of nominalism that traces the mutual interactions over time between the phenomena of the human world and our conceptions and classifications of them. In Rewriting the Soul: Multiple Personality and the Sciences of Memory, by developing a historical ontology of Multiple Personality Disorder, Hacking provides a discussion of how people are constituted by the descriptions of acts available to them see Acting under a description.
In Mad Travelers he documented the fleeting appearance in the s of a fugue state in which European men would walk in a trance for hundreds of miles without knowledge of their identities. In , he was awarded the first Killam Prize for the Humanities, Canada's most distinguished award for outstanding career achievements. In , he was made a Companion of the Order of Canada.
Hacking was appointed visiting professor at University of California, Santa Cruz for the Winters of and On August 25, , Hacking was named winner of the Holberg International Memorial Prize, a Norwegian award for scholarly work in the arts and humanities, social sciences, law and theology. Danziger, Jr.
Meaning of "pragmatisme" in the French dictionary
Memorial Lecture in the Humanities. In , Hacking also gave the Howison lectures at the University of California, Berkeley, on the topic of mathematics and its sources in human behavior 'Proof, Truth, Hands and Mind'. In , Hacking was awarded the Balzan Prize. Hacking, Ian December Philosophy of Science 34 4 : — JSTOR Hacking, Ian September MR Hacking, Ian May Hurly-Burly 7: Schematisierte Strukturen. Zwischen Objektkonstruktion und Strukturanalyse.
Greffe et K. Dialogisches Handeln. Astroh et D. Gerhardus , Heidelberg : Spektrum Verlag, Un Logicien consciencieux. Barth et H. Visser , Philosophia Scientiae 3 4 , Rebuschi , Philosophia Scientiae 9 2 , The Age of Alternative Logics. Rebuschi, H. Visser , Springer, Boldini et M. Born in Berlin, he grew up in Vienna before emigrating--thanks to the Kindertransport--in As a student of Percy Williams Bridgman, he obtained his Ph.
His chief interests are in the history and philosophy of science, in the physics of matter at high pressure, in education, and in the study of career paths of young scientists. Along with co-author Gerhard Sonnert he has studied and published works on the gender gap in science studies and careers. In , he published Introduction to Concepts and Theories in Physical Sciences, a seminal work in the development of physics education, which led to Harvard Project Physics, the NSF sponsored national curriculum-development project that he co-directed. Holton is founding editor of the quarterly journal Daedalus, and founder in of the Newsletter on Science, Technology, and Human Values from Science, Technology, and Human Values.
He was also on the editorial committee of the Collected Papers of Albert Einstein. Millikan award of the American Association of Physics Teachers. Holton was the first scientist selected for this honor, and his lecture was entitled "Where is Science Taking Us? A considerable collection of his papers have been collected, processed, and annotated by the archivists at Harvard University Archives, donated by Holton since Boi, E. Son livre, Science and the Akashic Field: An Integral Theory of Everything propose un champ d'information comme substance primordiale du cosmos.
Travaux :. Editions Village Mondial, Paris, , Pages. ISBN 2 3. Hannes Leitgeb born in Salzburg is an Austrian philosopher and mathematician. His areas of research include logic theories of truth and modality, paradox, conditionals, nonmonotonic reasoning, dynamic doxastic logic , epistemology belief, inference, belief revision, foundations of probability, Bayesianism , philosophy of mathematics structuralism, informal provability, abstraction, criteria of identity , philosophy of language indeterminacy of translation, compositionality , cognitive science symbolic representation and neural networks, metacognition , philosophy of science empirical content, measurement theory , and history of philosophy Logical Positivism, Carnap, Quine.
Leitgeb studied mathematics at the University of Salzburg and graduated with a Master's degree in After his PhDs in mathematics and philosophy , also in Salzburg, he was offered a position as assistance professor at the university's faculty of philosophy. From on, he worked at the Departments of Philosophy and Mathematics in Bristol. Hans LENK. Hiernach haben wir immer nur mittels Interpretationen Zugang zur Welt, es gibt keine nichtinterpretative Beschreibung der Welt.
Die Interpretation geschieht immer durch so genannte Schemata, die formierende Grundlage unserer Erkenntnis und Handelns sind. Werte — Ziele — Wirklichkeit der modernen Olympischen Spiele. Zur Kritik der interpretatorischen Vernunft. Suhrkamp, Frankfurt a.
Kreative Aufstiege. Das flexible Vielfachwesen. Anthropologische Perspektiven. Ratzeburger Goldwasser — vom Lago Albano bis Lambarene. Universidad Nacional de Quilmes , Argentina. Profesor Titular Ordinario. His research includes mathematical logic, in particular set theory and infinite games, as well as empirical studies of mathematics, in particular with applications to the philosophy of mathematics.
Lorenzo Magnani, philosopher, epistemologist, and cognitive scientist, is a professor of Philosophy of Science at the University of Pavia, Italy, and the director of its Computational Philosophy Laboratory. Visiting professor at the Sun Yat-sen University, Canton Guangzhou , China from to , in the event of the 50th anniversary of the re-building of the Philosophy Department of Sun Yat-sen University in , an award was given to him to acknowledge his contributions to the areas of philosophy, philosophy of science, logic, and cognitive science.
His book Abduction, Reason, and Science New York, has become a well-respected work in the field of human cognition. The book Morality in a Technological World Cambridge, develops a philosophical and cognitive theory of the relationships between ethics and technology in a naturalistic perspective. The book Abductive Cognition.
The Anthropology of Meaning
Since , initially in collaboration with Nancy J. La Chouette ironique. Cheminer vers soi. Currently he is working on a large development project on the application of mathematical analysis alternative to the topological structures. He has taught for twenty five years at Rutgers University , and since is a professor at New York University. His teaching is mainly in the programs of cognitive informatics, philosophy and semiotics.
He has been a pioneer in the field of computer assisted reading and analysis of text CARAT since He has published more than a hundred academic articles that range from philosophy to computer science, computational linguistics to digital humanities. In , he published the Sunday Supplement el Suplemento Dominical.
The Pragmatists and the Human Logic of Truth - Bibliography - Collège de France
Carlos U. La estructura del mundo sensible. Sistemas fenomenalistas, Barcelona, Ariel, La philosophie des sciences. Since the s my research has focused on logical and other formal tools applied to problems within the methodology and philosophy of science. I have worked on inductive logic, probabilistic reasoning, theory of truth, truthlikeness, and approximate truth with applications to the structure and dynamics of scientific theories, theory change, theoretical concepts, idealization, confirmation, explanation, abductive inference, and belief revision. I have also written on other topics in philosophical logic, epistemology, philosophy of technology, philosophy of culture, and social philosophy.
Ilkka Niiniluoto was born in Helsinki in In he was the chair of the Finnish Federation of Learned Societies. In he worked as half-time Vice-Rector for research, in as Rector, and in as Chancellor of the University. In he recieved the title of Academician of science. Social Aspects of Scientific Knowledge. Niiniluoto, I.
Lehto, H. Reports from the Department of Philosophy; vol. Odile Jacob. One of the founders of paleogenetics, he has worked extensively on the Neanderthal genome. Growing up with his mother, he barely knew his father, who shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Bengt I. Samuelsson and John R. Vane in He earned his PhD from Uppsala University in Over 3 billion base pairs were sequenced in collaboration with the Life Sciences Corporation.
He and his team also concluded that there was probably interbreeding between Neanderthals and Eurasian but not African humans. There is growing support in the scientific community for this theory of admixture between archaic and anatomically-modern humans, though some archaeologists remain skeptical about this conclusion. In , he published the book Neanderthal Man: In Search of Lost Genomes where he in the mixed form of a memoir and popular science tells the story of the research effort to map the Neanderthal genome combined with thought on human evolution.
In , he received the Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Prize of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, which is the highest honour awarded in German research. In , he received Gruber Prize in Genetics for ground breaking research in evolutionary genetics. Domaines de recherches:. Physique du sens. Per un nuovo illuminismo. La conoscenza scientifica come valore culturale e civile, trad. Cognitive Morphodynamics.
Doursat , Bern, Peter Lang, Giovanni M. DansLes animaux pensent-ils? I returned to Greece in July , spent a year doing my military service in the Hellenic Navy, and took up my academic post in Athens in June Premio Fundesco de Ensayo. Wolfson College Cambridge. Professor Emeritus of History and Philosophy of Science. Research Interests: Philosophy of Physics. Peirce Society. He is the founder of American Philosophical Quarterly.
Nicholas Rescher was born in the city of Hagen in the Westphalia region of Germany. He relocated to the United States when he was He obtained a degree in mathematics at Queens College New York. Thereafter, he attended Princeton University, graduating with his Ph. From to , he served a term in the United States Marine Corps, following which from to he worked for the Rand Corporation's mathematics division. Rescher began his career as an academic at Princeton University in He joined the philosophy department at the University of Pittsburgh in , becoming chair first associate director of its new Center for Philosophy of Science the following year.
In , he founded the American Philosophical Journal. From to , Rescher served as the chairman of the philosophy department. In July , Rescher changed roles at the Center for Philosophy of Science, resigning as its director and becoming its first vice chairman. In , he donated his philosophy collection to the Hillman Library. Rescher is a prolific writer, with over books and articles, generating the jest that Rescher is not a single person, but a committee sharing the name.
Philosopher Michele Marsonet, who has published extensively on Rescher's philosophy, writes that his prolific publication is in itself the most common objection against Rescher, adding "it is, indeed, a leitmotiv of all those unwilling to discuss his ideas". Rescher has described his own approach to philosophy as synthesizing the idealism of German and Great Britain with the pragmatism of the U. Max Planck Institute for the History of Science. By bridging the gap between the study of history and contemporary cutting-edge sciences, such as molecular biology, his work represents an example of transdisciplinarity as emerging in the present knowledge-based society.
He received his M. Giacomo Rizzolatti born April 28, is an Italian neurophysiologist who works at the University of Parma. He is the Senior Scientist of the research team that discovered mirror neurons in the frontal and parietal cortex of the macaque monkey, and has written many scientific articles on the topic. He is a past president of the European Brain and Behaviour Society.
Science : — PMID New York: Oxford University Press. En il a obtenu le premier prix 'community' du 'FQXi contest on the nature of time'. Qu'est-ce que l'espace? ISBN et What is time, what is space? Peter K. Schuster born March 7, is a renowned theoretical chemist, known for his work with the German Nobel Laureate Manfred Eigen in developing the quasispecies model. His work has made great strides in the understanding of viruses and their replication, as well as theoretical mechanisms in the origin of life. Schuster was born in Vienna, Austria and graduated with highest honors from "gymnasium".
He studied chemistry and physics at the University of Vienna and earned his PhD in Together with Eigen, Schuster developed the quasispecies model. He is full professor of theoretical chemistry at the University of Vienna , the founding director of the Institute of Molecular Biotechnology in Jena, Germany, as well as the current head of its Department of Molecular Evolutionary Biology.
He is an external faculty member at the Santa Fe Institute. Currently, Prof. Schuster is the President of the Austrian Academy of Sciences. Honours and awards:. Widely noted for his contributions to the philosophy of language, philosophy of mind and social philosophy, he began teaching at Berkeley in Among his notable concepts is the "Chinese room" argument against "strong" artificial intelligence. Searle's father, G.
Searle began his college education at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and subsequently became a Rhodes Scholar at Oxford University, where he obtained a doctorate in philosophy. Lawrence Sklar born 25 June is an American philosopher. He is the Carl G. Hempel and William K. He worked at Swarthmore College from to , first as an instructor and then as an assistant professor. He then worked at Princeton University until He specializes in the Philosophy of physics, approaching a wide range of issues from a position best described as highly skeptical of many of the metaphysical conclusions commonly drawn in the physical sciences.
He advocates the 'MIMO' metaphysics in, metaphysics out principle, claiming that much of the metaphysical content of interpreted theories in the special sciences arises from metaphysical assumptions made during their formulation. Space, Time and Spacetime awarded the Matchette Prize from the American Philosophical Association as the outstanding philosophical book for Putnam ed. Pourquoi ne peut-on pas naturaliser la raison? Robert F. Almeder, , The Philosophy of C. Peirce , Oxford, Blackwell.
Peirce Society , XXI, p. John F. Boler, , C. Robert Brandom, , Making it explicit , Cambridge Mass. William K. Boydston ed. Gillies ed. Haddock, A. Dialogue , Paris, Grasset. Gallie, , Peirce and pragmatism, New York, Dover. Sosa eds. Hahn ed. Christopher Hookway, , C. Peirce , London, Routledge. Misak ed. Burkhardt, F. Skrupskelis eds. T Press. Mellor ed. Isaac Levi, , The Enterprise of Knowledge. Ketner ed. Forster eds.
Cheryl J. Cohen ed. Peirce , C. Harsthorne, P. Burks eds. Wiener ed. Eisele ed. Charles Sanders Peirce, , Writings of C. Peirce: a chronological edition , M. Fisch, C. Moore eds. Ralph B.
Vincent G. Conant ed. Entretien avec C.